PSC Chhattisgarh Mains - Sociology Syllabus

Updated on: Apr 2, 2013
Syllabus of Sociology of PSC Mains Chhattisgarh is given in this section.


General Sociology

Concept and Theory

I. Sociology :
Sociology as a discipline, field of study, Philosophical versus scientific study. Relationship of Sociology with Social Anthropology, Economics, social Psychology and Political science.

II. Nature of Study :
Concept of social phenomena, man and society. Unit of study. Why human beings behave the way they do.
III. Method of study :
Research design, steps of scientific research. Concept, hypothesis and theory. Questionnaire, Schedule, scaling techniques. Use of statistics, elementary Knowledge of mean, median and mode.

IV. Founding fathers of sociology :
  • Comte, A - Hierarchy of science, positive method, law of three stages.
  • H. Spencer, J - Theory of evolution. Organic concept of society.
  • Durkheim, E - Social fact and collective consciousness..
  • Division of labour, Suicide and Theory of origin of religion.
  • Marx, K - Dialectical and historical materialism.
  • Economic determinism, conflict theory and class conflict. Theory of surplus value and exploitation.
  • M. Weber - Ideal type, Social action, Bureaucracy and Protestant ethics and spirit of capitalism.

V. Contemporary theory :
Parsons, T. - Social action, social system and pattern variable. Merton, R. - Functional paradigm, reference group, theory of middle range and anomie.

VI. Social structure :
Concept of social structure as propounded by Radcliffe Brown and Evans Pritchard.

VII. Social groupings :
Group - Primary and Secondary, Community, Association, Crowd, Audience and Public.

VIII. Social organization and Disorganization :
Concept and elements of social organization. Factors responsible for social disorganization.

IX. Culture :
Meaning and attributes. Culture conflict. Culture and society. Culture and personality. Acculturation

X. Social change :
Meaning. Progress, evolution and Social development. Theories of Social change - Evolutionary, Neo-evolutionary, cyclical and conflict theory.


Indian Society :

I- Traditional Basis of social Organization
Elements of Hindu Social Organization
  • Varna system
  • Aashram
  • Karma
  • Purusharth

II- Unity and Diversity
Important Religious Groups. Tenets of Islam and Christianity. Impact of other religious groups on Hindu social system. Cooperation and conflict among religious communities.

III- Population composition
Population of main communities. Rural-urban population. Tribal population distribution in India. Sex ratio, education and occupational structure.

IV- Social stratification

concept and function of social stratification, Cast system and Class structure. Peasants and industrial class structure. Social Justice and Social mobility.

V- Economic System
Peasants and industrial economic system. Changing patterns of Public & Private sector. Mixed economy. Impact of liberalization and Globalization on socio-economic life of majority population. Condition of economic inequality and poverty. Vicious culture of poverty.

VI- Political system 
Democratic system and fundamental rights. Multi party system. Effect and consequences of Coalition Government, Status of people's welfare. Role of Caste, Class and money power in election. Merits and demerits of decentralization and Panchayati Raj as a mechanism of social development.

VII- Social Institutions
  • Family - Patriarchal and Matriarchal family. Family in rural and urban setting. Place of Children and old persons in changing form of family.
  • Marriage - Effect of Inter - caste and inter- religious marriage on society. Violence between marital partner.
  • Kinship - Impact of Kinship system in tribal society, changing form of Kinship system in urban and industrial society. Effect of rights and obligation associated with kinship in Indian society.
  • Status and Role.
  • Role conflict among women in rural and urban setting. Importance of ascribed and achieved status in changing social scenario of India.

VIII- Religion and belief system
Ideological perception of main religions. Tribal and rural belief system. Functions of religion and magic. Compare and contrast between religion and magic.

IX- Social movement and aggressive groups
Concept of social movement. Peasant, tribal, industrial, Student's movement and Youth unrest. Separatist and aggressive groups.

X- Social problems and social Dynamics
Sociological meaning of social problem. Problems relating to indebtedness, bonded labour, child labour, dowry. reconstruction and social equilibrium process. Sanskritization, Westernization, Universalization and Modernization.
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