Syllabus of Geography PSC Mains Chhattisgarh

Updated on: Apr 2, 2013
Syllabus of Geography PSC Chhattisgarh Mains is presented in this section.

Physical Geography


1. Geomorphology
Theories regarding origin of the earth, interior of the earth, origin of continents, types and origin of mountains, plateau, plain, types and origin of rocks, Endogenetic and exogentic force, Earthquakes and Volcanoes- causes, result and world distribution, Weathering and Erosion, Cycle of erosion, Land Forms- Fluvial, Glacial, Arid, Marine and Groundwater, types and origin of lakes.

2. Climatology

Composition and structure of Atmosphere, Insolation-horizontal distribution of insolation on the earth, Heat budget, inversion of Temperature, Isotherms, Global-Warming, Air pressure belts of the globe, types of winds, detailed study of Monsoon wind, Jet streams, Humidity, Condensation, Rainfall- types and distribution, Acid rain, Air masses, Fronts, Cyclones and Anticyclones, Concept regarding polar front origin of cyclone. Thunder storm, Climatic classification by Koppen and Thoranthwaite.
3. Oceanography 
Configuration of ocean floor- Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Ocean, Temperature and salinity of oceans- effecting factors of its distribution. Oceanic currents, Tides, Marine deposits, Coral reefs.


Human and Economic Geography

1. Development of Geographical Thought
: Determinism, Possibilism, Neodeterminism, Dualism in Geography, contribution of Arab and European Geographers, Development of Geography in Indian in the 20th Century.

2. Human Geography
: Definition, nature and Philosophy of Human Geography, Human Races, Population- Distribution, density and growth in the world. Problems of the world population and solution, International Migration of population.
Human Settlements- Rural and Urban settlement- Types and Pattern.
Main Cities and ports of world.

3. Economic Geography : Definition, scope and Subject of economic geography, Concept of Resources, classification, Conservation and management of Resources.
Agriculture - types of agriculture, Major food and commercial crops and their world distribution. Agriculture Regions of world.
Mineral Resources- world production and distribution of Iron Ore, Manganese, Copper, Gold, Tin and Bauxite.
Power Sources- World production and distribution of Coal, Petroleum and Hydro-electricity.
Industries- Iron and steel, Textile, Paper and ship building industries of world, Major Industrial regions of the world.
Means of Transport- Major sea, air and rail, road routs of the world and importance, International Trades.

4. Political Geography : Political Geography and Geo-Politics, concept of country and state, frontiers, boundaries and Buffer area, Indian Ocean and world politics.


Geography of India with special reference to Chhattisgarh


1. Physical Features - Location & extent, Physical Conditions, Physical Divisions & Drainage System. Temperature & air pressure, origin and mechanism of Indian Monsoon, distribution of rainfall, flood prone and drought prone areas, climatic region. Soil-types, characteristics and their distribution. Forest- types, distribution and importance, flora- fauna.

2. Human Features - Population- distribution, density and growth, composition of population, population problems and policies. racial elements of Indian population, major Indian tribes, Linguistic Zone of India.

3. Economic features - Agriculture- major crops, cropping pattern, agricultural development, agricultural infrastructure- irrigation, energy, fertilizers, mechanism, Green-revolution, modernization of agriculture, agricultural regions, agricultural problems and planning.
Minerals- Iron-ore, mica, manganese, Gold, Silver, Tin, Copper-their production, utilization and distribution.
Power resources- Coal, Petroleum, Hydro-electricity, multipurpose river-valley projects, energy-crisis and search of alternatives.
Industry - Iron and steel, Textiles, Paper, Cement, Sugar and Petro- Chemicals, Industrial-Localization, Development & Distribution, Industrial Regions.

4. Transport and Trade
- Networks of railways and roads, Airways & Water transport their problems & Prospects, International Trade.


Geography of Chhattisgarh

1. Physical features - Location & extent, Physical Conditions, Physical Divisions and Drainage System, Climate and Weather conditions, soil- types, characteristics & distribution. Natural Vegetation and their importance, flora- fauna.

2. Human Features - Population- Growth, Density and Distribution, Rural and Urban population, composition of population, major tribes and towns.

3. Economic features - Agriculture- major crops, cropping pattern, means of irrigation and importance, modernization of agriculture, agricultural problems and planning.

4. Minerals, Power resources, Thermal Power Projects.

5. Industry - Agro based, Forest and minerals based industry, Major Industrial Zone.

6. Transport and Tourism.
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