CGPSC Mains Exam Chemistry Syllabus

Updated on: Apr 2, 2013
This section provides CGPSC Main Examination Chemistry Syllabus

(1) Symmetry :
Symmetry, Symmetry elements, Symmetry operations (general treatments only).

(2) Electromagnetic radiations :
Electromagnetic radiation, interaction of electromagnetic radiations with-matter, consequence of interaction and classification of electromagnetic radiation in different regions, Singlet and triplet states. UV and IR spectra and their simple applications.

(3) Atomic structure and chemical Bonding :
Sommerfelds model, Schrodinger equation (General treatment) Elementary idea of valency bond and Molecular orbital theory (bonding , non-bonding and antibonding orbitals) dipole moment and Molecular structure.

(4) Electro Chemistry:
Reversible and irreversible electrodes, Nernst equation, Standard hydrogen electrode and glass electrode, concentration cells with and without transference, conductivity of solution (specific, , equipment and molecular conductance), ionic velocity and effect of dilution on conductance, conductometric titrations, Degree of ionisation and conductivity concept of transport number and its determination, Kohlrausch's law of ionic mobility and its applications. Elementary idea of theory of strong electrolytes.

(5) Thermodynamics :
Extensive and intensive properties, isolated system. Intrinsic energy, and enthalpy as properties of states, Reversible , irreversible and cyclic processes and drive towards equilibrium, Second law of the thermodynamics with reference to entropy, physical concept of entropy, simple applications of thermodynamics to chemical processes.

(6) Nuclear Chemistry :

Theory of atomic nucleus and nuclear stability in terms of N/P ratio, binding enegry, packing fraction, mass defect, whole number rule, Effective nuclear charge, atomic disintegration, nuclear section, nuclear cross-section, basic principles of nuclear fission and fusion.

(7) Chemistry of elements and their compounds:
A comparative study of XIV, XV, XVI, XVII and zero group elements with respect to electronic configuration,oxidation states, hydrides, oxides , halides and hydroxides.

(8) Transition and inner transition elements :

Electronic configuration, position in the periodic table, characteristics, oxidation states. spectral and magnetic properties of transition elements.

General study, electronic structure, oxidation states, spectral and magnetic properties of lanthanides, lanthanide contraction.

(9) Co-ordination Chemistry :

Werner's theory of co-ordination compounds, its electronic interpretation valency bond theory for explaining metalling and bonding, hybridisation in complexes.

(10) Non-aqueous solvents :

Classification and characteristics of solvents Chemistry of non-aqueous solvents with special reference to liquid ammonia and liquid sulphur dioxide.

(11) Inorganic Compounds :
(i) A detailed study of oxides. oxyacids (including electronic structure ) of nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulphur. Peroxoacids of sulphur. Oxyacids of chlorinc, thionic acids. Isolation of flourine. Inert gas compounds, interhalogen compounds and pseudo halogens.
(ii) Preparation, properties, uses and the constitution of the following:
diborane, hydrazine, hydroxylamine, hyponitrous acid, sodium thiosulphate and hydrogen peroxide.
(iii) A detailed study of active nitrogen, nitrides and fertilizers.
(iv) Preparation, properties and uses of the following:
Hydrazoic acid Tartaremetic, Microcosmic salt, thionylchloride sulphuryl chloride,potassium dichromate, Potassium permagnate , Chromalum Bleaching powder, Potassium Ferro and ferricyanide, chlorosulphonic acid , sodium bismuthate, sodium cobaltinitrite and corborundum.


Physical Organic Chemistry
Electronic displacements Inductive, elecromeric, mesomeric and hyper conjugative effects, Electronphiles, nucleophiles and free radicals. Resonance and its applications to organic compounds, Effect of structure on the dissociation constants of organic acids and bases. Hydrogen bond and its effects on the properties of organic compounds.
Modern concepts of reaction mechanisms-addition, substitution, elimination and rearrangement. Reaction involving free radical mechanisms of aromatic substitution Benzene intermediates.

Aliphatic Chemistry
Chemistry of simple organic compounds belonging to the following classes alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, alkyl halides; alcohols, thiols, aldehydes, ketones, acids and their derivatives, ethers, amines, amino acids, hydroxy acids, unsaturated acids, Dibasic Acids.

Synthetic uses of the following:
Acetoacetic and malonic estars, organometallic compounds of magnesium and lithium, and diazomethane.

Carbohydrates - Classification, configuration and general reactions of simple monosaccharides. Chemistry of glucose, fructose and sucrose.

Elements of symmetry and simple symmetry operations. Optical and geometrical isomerism in simple organic molecules. E.Z. and R.S. notations Conformations of simple organic molecules, Stereochemistry of inorganic co-ordination compounds.

Aromatic Chemistry
Benzene, toluene and their halogen, hydroxy, nitro and amino derivatives, Sulphonic acid, Xylenes, Benzaldehyde. Salicylaldehyde, acetophenone, Benzoic, phthalic, sallcylic, cinnamic and mandelic acids.Reduction products of nitrobenzene, Benzonium salts and their synthetic uses.

Structure, synthesis and important reactions of napthalene, anthracene, phenanthrene, pyridine, and quinoline.

Dyes belonging to the azo triphenylmethane and phthalein groups, Modern theories of colour and constitution.

General ideas regarding the Chemistry of nicotine.

Basic concepts regarding the following materials of economic and medicinal importance, Cellulose and starch, coaltar chemicals, oils and fats.

Chemistry of the following elements and their principal compounds Boron, titanium, germanium, Silicon.Nickel, Platinum, Chromium and Uranium.

Elementary idea of Hydrogen bonding VSEPR theory and importance of lone pair structure of ionic solids, energetics of formation of NaCl. Crystal lattice with-reference to ionisation potential, electron , affinity, and lattice energy. Born Haber cycle. Polarising power. Polorisability Fajan's rules.

Acid-Base concept, Lowry Bronsted concept, Lewis concept, Other theories of acid and bases, Hard and soft Acid base concept, pH and its determination, Buffer solution and Buffer action, Henderson equation.

Errors in quantitative analysis, classification of errors, minimisation of errors, precision and accuracy, significance of figures, Co-precipitation and post precipitation, optimum conditions for precipitations, choice of indicators in the acid base titrations, theories of indicators, Principle of EDTA titrations.

Analytical, Numerical questions on (a) Quantitative estimation of pyrolusite, iodometry, silver coin, acid-base. titrations, Redox-titrations (b) Aliphatic and Aromatic compounds.
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