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CGPSC Mains Exam Anthropology Syllabus

Updated on: Apr 1, 2013
Syllabus of Anthropology of PSC Chhattisgarh Mains is presented in this section.

PAPER -1

Note -Section I is compulsory,Candidates may offer either section II-a or II-b. Each section (i.e. I and II) carries 150 marks.

SECTION -I

1. Meaning and scope of Anthropology and its main branches :
(1) Social -Cultural Anthropology
(2) Physical Anthropology
(3) Archaeological Anthropology

2. The anthropological meaning of culture . The biological attributes that made culture possible Aspects and attributes of culture Community Society and Culture. Institution. Group and Association Status and Role Caste and Class.

3. Field work participatory develpment in anthropology participatory rural praisal (PRP) Rapid Rural Appraisal (PRA) and Rapid assessment procedure (RAP) Peoples Participation and empowerment.

4. Views on Organic Evolution : Darwinism, Neo-Darwinism , Lamarckism, Neo-Lamarckism, Synthetic theory.

5. Man's place in the animal kingdom. A comparative anatomical study of Primates with special reference to the anthropoid apes and man.

6. The meaning and scope of different kinds of Archaeology : Classical, historical, Prehistoric and pretehistoric . Methods of dating. absolute and relative. The Great Ice Age : Stratigraphic and other evidences.

7. General features of plaeolithic, Mesolithic and neolithic cultures of Europe Indus Valley. Civilization.
 
SECTION-II-A

1. Fossil evidence for Human Evolution : Dry pithecus, Ramapithecus, Austrlopithecus Homoerectus (Pithecanthropus, Sinanthropus) Neanderthal, Homo sapiens (Cro-magnon, Crimaldi)

2. Changes brought about in man as result of erect posture , with special reference to skull, vertebral column, pelvic girdle and limbs.

3. Laws of Heredity Mechanism of inheritance : role of mitetic and crotic cell division DNA and RNA . Types of inheritance Autosomal, sex linked.

4. Types of twins and their importance in genetic investigations Eugenics.Genetic counselling.

5. Formation of Ethnic groups. Criteria for ethnic classification, Major ethnic stocks of the world and their broad sub-divisions, Ethnic elements in India.

SECTION-II-B

1. Man and Nature : Material culture and Technology (Fire, cooking and preservation of food; Shelter, clothing, Transport).

2. Primitive Economy : Relation between natural environment and primitive economy. Modes of production. Primitive systems of Exchange and Distribution : Barter, Ceremonial exchange, Reciprocity and Redistribution. Market exchange.

3. Forms of marriage : Monogamy , Polygamy (Polygamy and polyandry) Marriage payments : Dowry and Pride Price, Types of Family: Nuclear, Joint and Extended Kinship terms : Descriptive and classificatory . Advoidance and Joking relationship.

4. Patterns of residence : Uxorilocal , Virilocal and Neolocal. Unilineal descent systems : Matriliny and patriliny, Bilateral and Double descent.

5. Anthoropological perspective on the study of law and politics, Distinction beween states and stateless societies. Law in primitive society.


PAPER - 2

Tribal India :

1. Definition of Tribe and Scheduled Tribe - Geographical distribution of tribes and their ethinic and linguistic affinities.

2. Tribal Economy - Hunting, Fishing , Shifting cultivation and settled agriculture.
Economic interrelationships - Relationship of tribes with agricultural trades and money lenders Industrial impact on tribal economy .

3. Religion in tribal India- Animistic and Totemic beliefs and practices . Magic and witchcraft, Shamaninsm Myths, Head hunting , Human sacrifice . Impact of Hinduism and Christianity on tribal religion.

4. Social and Political Organisation of Indian Tribes - Marriage and Family Organisation. Types, Organisation and Functions of Youth Dermitories.

5. Tribal Development. - History and approaches Tribal problems : Isolation, Migration, Acculturation. Detribalisation. Tribal movements in India, with special reference to Chhattisgarh.
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